Article 4320

Title of the article



Kishchenko Ivan Tarasovich, Doctor of biological sciences, professor, sub-department of botany and plant physiology, Petrozavodsky State University (33 Lenina avenue, Petrozavodsk, Russia); Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural History, E-mail: 

Index UDK





Background. An increase in the biological diversity of natural and artificial phytocenoses is possible only through the introduction of woody plants, which should be assessed for prospects. The aim of this work is to elucidate the extent and nature of the impact of major climatic factors on dynamics of development and prospects of introduced species in the taiga species of Abies Mill.
Materials and methods. The study of introduced species of conifers was carried out in the Botanical garden of PetrSU. Phenological observations were conducted during the 18 years from May to September every 2–3 days. Assessment of feasibility of woody plants introduction was carried out according to the visual observations. Climatic data were registered at meteorological station Soligorskoe (Karelian hydrometeorological Observatory). According to the results of observations of the plant development and the climatic factors formed a Bank of data processed using the methods of basic statistics, and factorial analysis of variance.
Results. The timing of the onset of swelling and opening of vegetative buds, as well as linear growth of shoots in species of the genus Abies depend on the current temperature regime of the air. Between the dynamics of the studied environmental factors and the timing of the phenophases established perfect correlation. Its value is determined by the biological characteristics of the species, period of exposure factors and the particularity of the phenophases. The fastest development of vegetative sphere begins and ends at the A. sibirica and A. balsamea, and later – in A. holophylla and A. alba.
Conclusions. The dynamics of the development of introduced species Abies is mainly determined by the temperature of the air. The most promising for gardening of settlements (with a low degree of contamination with pollutants) should recognize the A. sibirica and A. balsamea. 

Key words

introduction, Abies, development, phenology 


 Download PDF


1. Merzlenko M. D., Zakharova A. A. Khvoynye boreal'noy zony [Boreal conifers]. 2013, vol. XXXI, no. 5–6, pp. 45–48. [In Russian]
2. Mukhina L. N., Aleksandrova M. S., Kashtanova O. A. Byulleten' Glavnogo botanicheskogo sada [Bulletin of the Main Botanical Garden]. 2013, no. 2, pp. 43–51. [In Russian]
3. Gukov G. V., Gridnev A. N., Gridneva N. V. Uspekhi sovremennogo estestvoznaniya [The successes of modern natural science]. 2017, no. 10, pp. 29–34. [In Russian]
4. Firsov G. A., Khmarik A. G. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser. 11, Estestvennye nauki [Bulletin of Volgograd State University. Series 11, Natural sciences]. 2017, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 7–18. [In Russian]
5. Kalutskiy K. K., Bolotov N. A. Lesnaya introduktsiya [Forest introduction]. Voronezh, 1983, pp. 4–14. [In Russian]
6. Mamaev S. A., Makhiev A. K. Lesovedenie [Forest science]. 1996, no. 5, pp. 3–10. [In Russian]
7. Botenkov V. N., Popova V. E. Lesnoe khozyaystvo [Forestry]. 1997, no. 5, p. 44. [In Russian]
8. Bazilevskaya N. A. Teoriya i metody introduktsii rasteniy [Theory and methods of plant introduction]. Moscow: Nauka, 1964, 130 p. [In Russian]
9. Popova V. T., Dorofeeva V. D., Popova A. A. Trudy Sankt-Peterburgskogo nauchnoissledovatel'skogo instituta lesnogo khozyaystv [Proceedings of the Saint Petersburg Scientific Research Institute of Forestry]. 2016, no. 4, pp. 89–97. [In Russian]
10. Vstovskaya T. N. Introduktsiya drevesnykh rasteniy Dal'nego Vostoka i Zapadnoy Sibiri [Introduction of woody plants of the Far East and Western Siberia]. Novosibirsk, 1983, 196 p. [In Russian]
11. Plotnikova L. S. Arealy introdutsirovannykh drevesnykh rasteniy flory SSSR [Areas of introduced woody plants of the flora of the USSR]. Moscow, 1983, 256 p. [In Russian]
12. Shkutko N. V. Khvoynye Belorussii [Conifers of Belarus]. Moscow: Nauka, 1991, 263 p. [In Russian]
13. Bulygin N. E. Fenologicheskie nablyudeniya nad drevesnymi rasteniyami [Phenological observations on woody plants]. Leningrad: Nauka, 1979, 97 p. [In Russian]
14. Lapin P. I., Sidneva S. V. Opyt introduktsii drevesnykh rasteniy [Experience in the introduction of woody plants]. Moscow, 1973, pp. 7–68. [In Russian]
15. Zaytsev G. N. Fenologiya drevesnykh rasteniy [Phenology of woody plants]. Moscow, 1981, 119 p. [In Russian]
16. Elagin I. N. Sezonnaya ritmika fenoindikatorov prirody Nechernozem'ya [Seasonal rhythm of phenoindicators of the Non-Chernozem region]. Moscow, 1980, 309 p. [In Russian]
17. Pautova N. V. Vestnik IrGSKhA [Bulletin of Irkutsk State Agrarian University]. 2011, vol. 6, no. 44, pp. 102–110. [In Russian] 


Дата создания: 23.12.2020 09:43
Дата обновления: 23.12.2020 12:15